Before tooth extraction needs to be done, the individual is usually undergoing a thorough dental examination. Your dentist must know not your complete medical history, however, your dental history. It is essential to prevent any health risk issues out of anesthetic or antibiotics like any allergies or heart issues.
Toothache is one of the most painful things you may encounter. Once your tooth is damaged, the solution it could get is tooth removal. You may visit your dentist at South Anchorage Dental Center – Family Dentistry for Anchorage, Alaska.
For simple tooth extraction
Many of us are afraid of yanking our teeth and our dentists understand this, so they will give you local anesthesia to numb the tooth and the gums before eliminating the tooth. Dental sedation is suggested for a patient with dental anxiety to feel more relaxed.
Straightforward tooth removal can be carried out with the extraction forceps without fracturing. To loosen the tooth, the dentist goes it back and forth from the socket. If the tooth is challenging to loosen, then the tool referred to as ‘elevator or ‘luxatar’ is utilized to split the periodontal cells from the jawbone. The tooth can be pulled out using the forceps once it is already loosened.
For surgical tooth extraction
This procedure is usually done with the following cases.
When teeth don’t have sufficient tooth structure left and is not possible for its extraction tools to grasp anything.
Teeth with curved roots
Impacted teeth – these are the teeth that haven’t erupted above the gum line.
In this method, the tooth has to be cut into little pieces to do the tooth extraction. After that, the tooth socket is clean debris or no puss will be abandoned.
Suturing or stitching is needed. Most of the current dentists are utilizing the dissolvable ribbon so that you don’t have to return to them to the removal of stitches.
For several tooth extractions
If several or most of your teeth have to be removed, general anesthesia may be used. This is much stronger than the one and it makes you sleep during the entire process.
Most of the patients prefer to have multiple tooth removal done at once to save time for dental visits and also to experience the distress just after. Another reason is for the preparation of full denture replacement or Invisalign retainer.
Not everyone is capable of the process. Your medical condition has to be ideal to endure the stress of multiple tooth extractions.
Blood clot formation in the tooth socket is quite significant for the healing procedure. Your dentist will require that you bite wet cotton gauze for approximately 30 minutes or longer down for blood clot formation. Be careful not to enter any food debris and other allergies into the tooth socket to protect it and not to cause any infection.
Things to do after tooth extractions procedure
Don’t lie down – bending down immediately following the extraction may cause bleeding. So you keep your head elevated use cushions.
Take care of the extraction site – chew on the opposite side of their mouth for at least 24 hours. A diet is necessary and you must avoid putting your finger into your wound to look it over. Clean your hand thoroughly.
Do not smoke
If you brush your teeth, keep away from the area near the extraction for 24 hours or until your wound is completely healed.
Do not rinse on the first day. You can do gentle rinsing after the next day utilizing rinses.
Avoid strenuous physical activities for your first 3 to 5 days for it may cause unnecessary corrosion.
Reasons for extracting a tooth
Normally, whenever there’s a tooth breakage or tooth damage because of tooth decay the dentist attempts and repair the tooth by several means like filling, repairing a crown. There are times where the tooth harm is much that it can’t be mended and under these conditions, he has no option. This is the common reason for tooth extraction.
Additionally, many illnesses and medication demand tooth extraction because they weaken the immune system and lead to infection of the tooth. All these are – cancer drugs, dental caries, gum disease teeth, organ transplant therapy, radiation therapy, and wisdom teeth.
Kinds of extraction
There are two different types of tooth extractions – simple and surgical.
Simple extractions – These are done on teeth that are externally visible in the mouth and can readily be achieved by dentists. The dentist provides a regional anesthetic injection before he extracts the tooth.
Surgical extractions – these are done on teeth which are not possible to be obtained easily; this could take place if the teeth have been broken beneath the gum line or partial eruption of the teeth. In this case the surgeon must cut and pull the teeth providing access to eliminating part of tooth or the bone. Surgical extractions take a professional oral surgeon.
Prior to the extraction of your teeth, your oral physician or dentist will learn about your medical and dental histories; he also may take X-ray of the affected area. If you’ve got any medical issues, a weak immune system or an infected tooth, he might prescribe antibiotics.
For simple extractions, your dentist may prescribe OTC anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen.
For surgical extractions, your dentist may prescribe pain drugs for a couple of days and switch over to NSAID.
Once your tooth is extracted your dentist will make you bite a gauze piece for facilitating clotting and you shouldn’t disturb that this clot on the wound.
You need to use ice packs to include the swelling following surgery. As soon as your jaw becomes stiff, use warm compresses.
The majority of the stitches will disappear within one or two weeks. The stitches might dissolve. Leftover stitches will be removed by your dentist.
Prevent smoking or spitting following the surgery because this could get rid of the clot from the tooth thereby increasing the bleeding and resulting in a dry socket.
The risk factors because of tooth extraction include – disease, extended bleeding, swelling, dry socket, nerve injury, tooth injury, incomplete extraction, fractured jaw, as well as the hole at the sinus, sore jaw joint or muscles and numbness in the lower lip.